Democracy

Democracy is one of the forms or systems of government that any political or social organization can use for its governance.

 

In democracy all the people of a political or social organization, through various methods like consensus, referendum or elected representatives, exercise equal control and govern over the matters which affect their interests.

 

Democracy represents control of an organization by its members who have a free and equal right to participate in decision-making processes.

 

It is form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or through their freely elected representatives or agents, elected by the majority of people.

 

Peoples’ representatives or agents are elected by the people through free electoral system involving periodically held free elections where every citizen should have the right to vote.

 

Thus it is government of the people, by the people and for the people.

 

Democracy presents a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights and privileges, political or social equality- condition of classlessness and equality, absence of hereditary and class distinctions, decision making by consensus by majority people and democratic spirit.

Democracy is not instituted  in the same manner in all the democratic countries. In democracy too, there are many forms of government as given below:

1. Consociationalism
2. Deliberative democracy
3. Democratic socialism
4. Totalitarian democracy
    4.1 Dictatorship of the proletariat
5. Direct democracy
6. Egalitarianism
7. Futarchy
8. Open source governance
9. Participatory democracy
10. Representative democracy
 10.1 Parliamentary system

  10.1.1 Consensus government
  10.1.2 Westminster system
  10.2 Polyarchy.
   10.3 Presidential system
      10.4 Semi-presidential system

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